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Surface plasmon resonance aided electrochemical immunosensor for CK-MB determination in undiluted serum samples



This article presents a simple chronoamperometric immunosensor for the quantitative assessment of creatine kinase MB (CK-MB) in 50 µL undiluted serum samples. The immunosensor consists of gold working and counter electrodes patterned onto a glass chip by thin-film photolithography and an external Ag|AgCl reference electrode. The detection limit (DL) of the chronoamperometric method is 13 ng mL −1 (DL = 2×RMSD/S, where RMSD is the residual mean standard deviation of the measured points around a calibration curve with a slope of S). In spiked serum samples, the response was linear up to 300 ng mL −1 of CK-MB. A surface plasmon resonance (SPR) system with simultaneous electrochemical detection (EC-SPR) aided the development of the sandwich immunoassay. Real-time monitoring of the SPR signal was used to optimize the capture antibody immobilization, CK-MB and detection antibody binding, as well as to minimize the nonspecific adsorption of serum proteins to the sensor surface. The detection antibody has been labeled with alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme for sensitive electrochemical detection. ALP catalyzes the hydrolysis of ascorbic acid phosphate and generates ascorbic acid, which is measured chronoamperometrically. The electrochemical immunoassay for CK-MB was less sensitive to nonspecific adsorption related interferences, had a better detection limit, and required a lower volume of sample than the SPR method. Figure SPR (A) and electrochemical (B) cells for CK-MB measurement in serum. ( C ) counter electrode, ( R ) reference electrode, ( W ) working electrode, (r) reference chamber, and (s) signal chamber



Analytical and Bioanalytical ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 2010

DOI: 10.1007/s00216-010-3736-2

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