Forensic Sci Med Pathol (2016) 12:113–114 DOI 10.1007/s12024-015-9722-4 LESSONS FROM THE M USEUM Schistosomiasis in the mummiﬁed viscera of Saint-Louis (1270 AD) 1 2 3 4 • • • Philippe Charlier Franc¸oise Bouchet Raphae¨l Weil Bruno Bonnet Accepted: 28 September 2015 / Published online: 22 October 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015 Louis IX, King of France from 1226 to 1270 AD, died at Microscopic analyses revealed several parasitic forma- the age of 56 during an epidemic episode of ‘‘plague’’ in tions (Fig. 2) whose morphology (semicircular adult the city of Tunis, Northern Africa. In order to transport his worms with a gynecophoral canal) and size (maximal body back to the basilica of Saint-Denis (necropolis of the length of 28 mm) clearly allow them to be identiﬁed as French Kings), it was eviscerated and boiled in wine and adult male Schistosoma . spices. Although his bones were entombed in the basilica These results show that the French King was infected by of Saint-Denis, the embalmed viscera were deposed in the schistosomiasis. This parasitic disease, also known as snail abbey of Monreale (close to Palermo, Sicily) which was fever, is now widespread in Africa , but has also been
"Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology" – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 22, 2015
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