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First identification of drugs in Egyptian mummies

First identification of drugs in Egyptian mummies tur _ ssenscnanen Naturwissenschaften 79, 358 (1992) © Springer-Verlag 1992 S. Balabanova, F. Parsche and W. Pirsig Institut fiir Anthropologie und Humangenetik der Universit/it, W-8000 Mtinchen, FRG The use of drugs in ancient societies permits insight into the social behavior and medical practices of the past. As part of an ongoing investigation of hallucinogenic substances in ancient societies, this preliminary study reports the identification of cocaine, hashish, and nicotine in Egyptian mummies. We took samples of soft tissue, bone, and hair from nine mummies [1]. Drugs were detected by radioimmunoassay and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry [ 2 - 5]. The Egyptian mummy material for this study included seven mummified heads (adults, two females, five males), one complete (adult, female), and one incomplete (adult, male) mummy. The mummies were dated at a period spanning from approximately the Third Intermediate Period (1070 B.c.) to the Ptolemaic/Roman Period (395 A.D.). For the following investigations samples were taken from head hair, skin and muscle from head and abdomen as well as bone tissue from the head. Processing of the hair samples has already been described elsewhere [6]. Specimens of the soft tissue and bones were pulverized using a steel ball at - 180°C. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Naturwissenschaften Springer Journals

First identification of drugs in Egyptian mummies

Naturwissenschaften , Volume 79 (8) – Aug 1, 1992

First identification of drugs in Egyptian mummies

Abstract

tur _ ssenscnanen Naturwissenschaften 79, 358 (1992) © Springer-Verlag 1992 S. Balabanova, F. Parsche and W. Pirsig Institut fiir Anthropologie und Humangenetik der Universit/it, W-8000 Mtinchen, FRG The use of drugs in ancient societies permits insight into the social behavior and medical practices of the past. As part of an ongoing investigation of hallucinogenic substances in ancient societies, this preliminary study reports the identification of cocaine, hashish, and nicotine...
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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1992 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Life Sciences; Life Sciences, general; Environment, general
ISSN
0028-1042
eISSN
1432-1904
DOI
10.1007/BF01140178
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

tur _ ssenscnanen Naturwissenschaften 79, 358 (1992) © Springer-Verlag 1992 S. Balabanova, F. Parsche and W. Pirsig Institut fiir Anthropologie und Humangenetik der Universit/it, W-8000 Mtinchen, FRG The use of drugs in ancient societies permits insight into the social behavior and medical practices of the past. As part of an ongoing investigation of hallucinogenic substances in ancient societies, this preliminary study reports the identification of cocaine, hashish, and nicotine in Egyptian mummies. We took samples of soft tissue, bone, and hair from nine mummies [1]. Drugs were detected by radioimmunoassay and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry [ 2 - 5]. The Egyptian mummy material for this study included seven mummified heads (adults, two females, five males), one complete (adult, female), and one incomplete (adult, male) mummy. The mummies were dated at a period spanning from approximately the Third Intermediate Period (1070 B.c.) to the Ptolemaic/Roman Period (395 A.D.). For the following investigations samples were taken from head hair, skin and muscle from head and abdomen as well as bone tissue from the head. Processing of the hair samples has already been described elsewhere [6]. Specimens of the soft tissue and bones were pulverized using a steel ball at - 180°C.

Journal

NaturwissenschaftenSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 1, 1992

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