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Carbon financial mechanisms for agriculture and rural development: challenges and opportunities along the Bali roadmap



Climatic Change (2009) 97:3–21 DOI 10.1007/s10584-009-9611-5 An editorial essay Francesco N. Tubiello · Atiqur Rahman · Wendy Mann · Joseph Schmidhuber · Marieta Koleva · Alexander Müller Received: 20 November 2008 / Accepted: 2 February 2009 / Published online: 9 June 2009 © Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009 Three-fourths of the world’s 1.2 billion poor live and work in rural areas; they directly depend on land, water and genetic resources, and the vagaries of climate, for their livelihoods. Their vulnerability and food security situation is expected to worsen under climate change. For instance, it has been suggested that increased climate variability and more frequent extreme events such as droughts and floods could significantly increase risk of production failures in poor regions as early as the coming decades, i.e., by 2020–2030. Particularly at risk are sub-Saharan Africa and South East Asia. The final declaration of the 2008 High Level Conference On World Food Security1 stated: It is essential to address the fundamental question of how to increase the resilience of present food production systems to challenges posed by climate change.” To this end, the projected costs of adaptation and mitigation measures necessary to safeguard food security and



Climatic ChangeSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 2009

DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9611-5

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