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A Contribution to the Prehistory of Domesticated Bottle Gourds in Asia: Rind Measurements from Jomon Japan and Neolithic Zhejiang, China 1



Notes on Economic Plants DORIAN Q FULLER*,2, LEO AOI HOSOYA3, YUNFEI ZHENG4, AND LING QIN5 Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London, WC1H 0PY, UK Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan; e-mail: Leo_Aoi@chikyu.ac.jp 4 Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Archaeology and Cultural Relics, Hangzhou, China; e-mail: zhengyunfei@hotmail.com 5 School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University, Beijing, China; e-mail: qinling@pku.edu.cn *Corresponding author; e-mail: dqfuller@googlemail.com; d.fuller@ucl.ac.uk Key Words: Liangzhu. Lagenaria siceraria, archaeobotany, domestication, Neolithic, Jomon, Hemudu, Introduction Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley, the bottle gourd, has been of considerable archaeological interest in both hemispheres, as it is the only cultivated plant species that is unambiguously present in both Early Holocene America and Asia. This is true despite the evidence that true wild bottle gourds, like their congeneric relatives, are restricted to southern Africa (Decker-Walters et al. 2004). Finds from the Windover site in Florida were the first to be directly dated to 7290 B.P./ca. 6200–6100 B.C. E. (Doran et al. 1990), and since then bottle gourd seeds and rind fragments from several other sites have been directly dated (Erickson et al. 2005). Recent genetic studies, including ancient DNA from prehistoric American gourds, suggest that bottle gourds of the New World



Economic BotanySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2010

DOI: 10.1007/s12231-010-9122-3

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