J e s ú s Á n g e l E n r í q u e z A c o s ta This essay analyzes the influence of migration in the development of Northwest Mexico's border cities, most specifically in Tijuana, Nogales, and Ciudad Juárez. Northwest Mexico has become one most dynamic regions in the country, not only because maquiladora (assembly-plant) industry established since the 1960s in Tijuana, Mexicali, Nogales, San Luis Río Colorado, Agua Prieta, and Ciudad Juárez, but also because consistently high levels of population growth and urbanization these dynamic urban areas have sustained since the mid-twentieth century. Among Mexico's border cities notable for their high rates of population growth and urbanization, Tijuana, Nogales, and Juárez are particularly exemplary. Today's booming border cities were, with the exception of Juárez, merely small frontier towns at the beginning twentieth century. It was not until the great postWorld War II economic expansion U.S. Southwest that these border towns really began to take on urban dimensions. In Tijuana's case, early development was based on the establishment of dive bars and taverns, largely for the U.S. market, lending the town legendary status as a place of vice. Nogales, on the
Journal of the Southwest – Southwest Center (Univ of Arizona)
Published: Apr 2, 2009
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