work toward environmental sustainability. The 1992 City Planning Amendment Law required towns and cities to create master plans and mandated public participation in them. The collapse of the bubble economy reduced faith in the central government in the 1990s, and this skepticism was furthered by government failures in responding to the Hanshin earthquake of 1995. The responses by citizens to the quake seemed to herald a new era of citizen activism, and budget problems encouraged decentralization policies that allowed for greater local autonomy. Machizukuri became one of the buzzwords of the 1990s for citizens, local governments, planners, and sociologists. The 1990s also saw an increase in gappei, or amalgamation of rural towns and villages, and the collection on rural areas suggested above might cover, among other things, the effects of gappei on machizukuri. With their emphasis on the activities of neighborhood groups, some of the contributors to this collection seem to be more optimistic about the possibilities for civic activism than Susan J. Pharr in her conclusion to Frank J. Schwartz and Susan J. Pharr, eds., The State of Civil Society in Japan (Cambridge University Press, 2003). Pharr, along with other contributors to that volume such as Sheldon
The Journal of Japanese Studies – Society for Japanese Studies
Published: Jan 15, 2009
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera