The importance of the so-called "friendship trade" pursued between Japan and China even before diplomatic relations were restored has been well documented.3 The locating and return of the remains of 5,000 Chinese who died in Japan during the war is less well known. Although this gave the JCFA a good reputation, there could be some question whether this in fact was implementation of "soft power." The JCFA was active in a number of fields both on the local level and with Chinese top-level officials. Political and ideological infighting in the organization blur the picture of which values it was representing and weakened its ability to play a crucial role in, for example, the normalization agreement. One can also question whether the organization represents the kind of values and ideas that Japanese people in general would like to convey to China. The author ends the NGO chapter by stating that little is known about Japanese NGOs and their work in China. Might this be due to the fact that there are not that many of them and they are not allowed to operate freely? The number of Chinese counterparts-- Chinese NGOs that do not face intervention from the state
The Journal of Japanese Studies – Society for Japanese Studies
Published: Feb 1, 2012
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