Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

The Informal Norms of HIV Prevention: The Emergence and Erosion of the Condom Code

The Informal Norms of HIV Prevention: The Emergence and Erosion of the Condom Code The response many gay men took to the HIV epidemic in the United States was largely informal, especially given distant state and federal governments. The condom code, a set of informal norms that encouraged the use of condoms, is one instance of this informal response, which was wholly uncoordinated. Yet, it is not clear why these informal norms emerged or why they have since eroded. This paper explores how gay men in particular generated expectations and normative beliefs regarding condom usage, which helped to establish the condom code as an informal norm. Furthermore, the erosion of the condom code is viewed as a result of changing expectations, which change as bio-medical means of HIV treatment and prevention develop and as online and digital communities facilitate serosorting, all of which provide alternatives to condoms as a means of prevention and their associated informal norms. Future HIV prevention campaigns should recognize the extent to which informal norms coordinate and encourage preventative behavior, as well as how beliefs and expectations alter the informal norms people adopt. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics SAGE

The Informal Norms of HIV Prevention: The Emergence and Erosion of the Condom Code

The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics , Volume 45 (4): 13 – Dec 1, 2017

Loading next page...
 
/lp/sage/the-informal-norms-of-hiv-prevention-the-emergence-and-erosion-of-the-DXFfYZ9h5I

References (126)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© 2017 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
ISSN
1073-1105
eISSN
1748-720X
DOI
10.1177/1073110517750586
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The response many gay men took to the HIV epidemic in the United States was largely informal, especially given distant state and federal governments. The condom code, a set of informal norms that encouraged the use of condoms, is one instance of this informal response, which was wholly uncoordinated. Yet, it is not clear why these informal norms emerged or why they have since eroded. This paper explores how gay men in particular generated expectations and normative beliefs regarding condom usage, which helped to establish the condom code as an informal norm. Furthermore, the erosion of the condom code is viewed as a result of changing expectations, which change as bio-medical means of HIV treatment and prevention develop and as online and digital communities facilitate serosorting, all of which provide alternatives to condoms as a means of prevention and their associated informal norms. Future HIV prevention campaigns should recognize the extent to which informal norms coordinate and encourage preventative behavior, as well as how beliefs and expectations alter the informal norms people adopt.

Journal

The Journal of Law, Medicine & EthicsSAGE

Published: Dec 1, 2017

There are no references for this article.