TECHNOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO C LIMATE CHANGE IN THE E NERGY SECTOR Freund, P aul IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, United Kingdom email@example.com 1. INTRODUCTION Increasing concentrations of C O and other g reenhouse gases in t he Earth’s atmosphere are enhancing the natural gr eenhouse gas effect, le ading to changes in th e climate. The d irect c onsequences of c limate change will b e found i n r ising temperatures (especially in h igh la titudes ), changes in p recipitation, r ising s ea-levels as well as more f requent e xtreme weather events. As a result there will b e changes in agriculture, i ncreased flooding o f l ow-lying ar eas and possibly large reductions in biodiversity. T he i mpacts of c limate change on human welfare are likely to b e more severe in de veloping countries because the richer n ations will h ave more r esources available for ad aption. Global use of f ossil fuel c urrently r esults in e missions of 2 4 Gt/y of C O to the atmosphere. Human-induced land use changes and deforestation are also helping to increase the concentration of C O
Energy & Environment – SAGE
Published: Sep 1, 2002
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