Technological Progress towards Sustainable Development

Technological Progress towards Sustainable Development TECHNOLOG ICAL PROGRESS TOWA RDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPME NT Klaassen Ger; Miketa; R iahi K eywan; S chrattenholzer Leo Environmentally Compatible Energy Strategies (ECS ) Project, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA ), Austria info@worldenergy.org 1. INTRODUCTION The rang e of po ssible long-term developm ents of the global energy system is indeed rather extensive. Since the first oil price hike of 1 973 at the latest, research groups all over the world h ave begun to systematically explore this range by developing global scenarios that were intended as guidelines for energy policy making. Quite understandably, the main concern of sc enario building in the 1970s was the perceived scarcity of p rimary energy resources, and many scenarios portrayed a rather gloom y picture of a global economy running out of vita l energy. As it turned out, the initially projected gap between energy demand and energy supply was not only closed analytically, today’s scenarios also include a wide range of dif ferent prim ary ener gy mixes. The lim iting f actor of unrestrained expansion of the energy system is thus no longer the physical availability but rather believed to be the carrying c apacity of the global http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Energy & Environment SAGE

Technological Progress towards Sustainable Development

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Publisher
SAGE Publications
Copyright
© 2002 SAGE Publications
ISSN
0958-305X
eISSN
2048-4070
D.O.I.
10.1260/095830502320939552
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

TECHNOLOG ICAL PROGRESS TOWA RDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPME NT Klaassen Ger; Miketa; R iahi K eywan; S chrattenholzer Leo Environmentally Compatible Energy Strategies (ECS ) Project, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA ), Austria info@worldenergy.org 1. INTRODUCTION The rang e of po ssible long-term developm ents of the global energy system is indeed rather extensive. Since the first oil price hike of 1 973 at the latest, research groups all over the world h ave begun to systematically explore this range by developing global scenarios that were intended as guidelines for energy policy making. Quite understandably, the main concern of sc enario building in the 1970s was the perceived scarcity of p rimary energy resources, and many scenarios portrayed a rather gloom y picture of a global economy running out of vita l energy. As it turned out, the initially projected gap between energy demand and energy supply was not only closed analytically, today’s scenarios also include a wide range of dif ferent prim ary ener gy mixes. The lim iting f actor of unrestrained expansion of the energy system is thus no longer the physical availability but rather believed to be the carrying c apacity of the global

Journal

Energy & EnvironmentSAGE

Published: Sep 1, 2002

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