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Synthesis, in Vitro Biological Evaluation and Oral Bioavailability of 9-[2-(Phosphonomethoxy)Propyl]Adenine (PMPA) Prodrugs:

Synthesis, in Vitro Biological Evaluation and Oral Bioavailability of... Potentially orally bioavailable prodrugs of the antiretroviral agent 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine (PMPA) were evaluated. Alkyl methyl carbamates were synthesized by alkylation of PMPA with the corresponding alkyl chloromethyl carbonate and N-alkyl chloromethyl carbamate reagents. The prodrugs were evaluated for in vitro antiviral activity in addition to chemical and enzymic stability. The inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strain IIIB replication in MT-2 cells by the carbonate prodrugs was found to be 2.5-500-fold increased compared to PMPA. The alkyl methyl carbonates, except t-butyl methyl carbonate, had reasonable chemical stability at pH 2.2 and 7.4, but were rapidly converted to the corresponding monoester of PMPA in the presence of dog plasma. The alkyl methyl carbamate prodrugs such as N-t-butyl methyl carbamate were found to have high stability in vitro. Based on its chemical stability and good oral bioavailability, bis(POC)PMPA (isopropyl methyl carbonate) was chosen as a clinical candidate. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy SAGE

Synthesis, in Vitro Biological Evaluation and Oral Bioavailability of 9-[2-(Phosphonomethoxy)Propyl]Adenine (PMPA) Prodrugs:

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 by SAGE Publications Ltd unless otherwise noted. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses
ISSN
2040-2066
eISSN
2040-2066
DOI
10.1177/095632029700800610
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Potentially orally bioavailable prodrugs of the antiretroviral agent 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine (PMPA) were evaluated. Alkyl methyl carbamates were synthesized by alkylation of PMPA with the corresponding alkyl chloromethyl carbonate and N-alkyl chloromethyl carbamate reagents. The prodrugs were evaluated for in vitro antiviral activity in addition to chemical and enzymic stability. The inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strain IIIB replication in MT-2 cells by the carbonate prodrugs was found to be 2.5-500-fold increased compared to PMPA. The alkyl methyl carbonates, except t-butyl methyl carbonate, had reasonable chemical stability at pH 2.2 and 7.4, but were rapidly converted to the corresponding monoester of PMPA in the presence of dog plasma. The alkyl methyl carbamate prodrugs such as N-t-butyl methyl carbamate were found to have high stability in vitro. Based on its chemical stability and good oral bioavailability, bis(POC)PMPA (isopropyl methyl carbonate) was chosen as a clinical candidate.

Journal

Antiviral Chemistry and ChemotherapySAGE

Published: May 30, 2017

Keywords: Acyclic,nucleoside,antiretroviral,alkyl methyl carbonate,prodrug,oral bioavailability,bis(POC)PMPA

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