01_Inyang 14/5/07 3:51 pm Page 361 PRIMING ETHANOL PRODUCTION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR INCREASED ENERGY MARKET SHARE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Editorial by Prof. Hilary I. Inyang Duke Energy Distinguished Professor of Environmental Engineering and Science, Prof. of Earth Science and Director, Global Institute for Energy and Environmental Systems (GIEES), University of North Carolina-Charlotte, USA The Millennium Development Goals target the reduction of the proportion of people who suffer from hunger by 2015 to half of the 1990 level. The majority of affected individuals dwell in the developing countries. The implication is that economic development which requires energy investments, must be intensified in the developing countries to provide jobs, goods and services. Sustainable development considerations require that a reasonable fraction of energy investments be derived from “renewable” sources, among which is clean fuel. Ethanol has emerged as the most economically viable biofuel. Its production and distribution as partial replacement for hydrocarbon- derived fuels in transportation fuel mixes are the target of many renewable fuel standards, national and regional economic development plans, and energy research initiatives. As an example, Brazil with a population of about 190 million people and th an economy that ranks at 14 in the world, uses sugarcane-derived ethanol as
Energy & Environment – SAGE
Published: Jul 1, 2007
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