Personality Correlates of Intelligence and Creativity in Gifted Adolescents
AbstractPersonality Correlates of Intelligence and Creativity in Gifted Adolescents SAGE Publications, Inc.1976DOI: 10.1177/001698627602000322 George S. Welsh University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill) Two independent dimensions of personality are proposed for use in theoretical and practical research on intelligence and creativity. One, intellectence, differentiates subjects interest in concrete and pragmatic matters from those preferring abstract and theoretical approaches to problems; the other, origence, contrasts preference for regular and structured situations with predilection for open-ended and unstructured experiences. Four basic types are generated by these dimensions and characterized descriptively as: 1. Imaginative (high-origence/high-intellectence-, 2. Intuitive (high-origence/high- intellectence), 3. Industruous (low-origence/low- intellectence), 4. Intellective (low-origence/high-intellectence). Data from the gifted adolescents illustrate personality characteristics associated with these dimensions and with intelligence scores from Terman's Concept Mastery Test (CMT) and a nonverbal test (D-48), and with a figure-preference art scale. Relationships are shown to scales from the Minnestoa Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), Allport-Vernon-Lindzey Study of Values (AVL), Strong Vocational Interest Blank (SVIB), and ratings by teachers. The argument is advanced that gifted adolescents high on both origence and intellectence resemble creative adults and may have creative potential; therefore, they may be identified by special scales on objective personality tests.