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On the Difficulties People have in Dealing with Complexity

On the Difficulties People have in Dealing with Complexity ON THE DIFFICULTIES PEOPLE HAVE IN DEALING WITH COMPLEXITY DIETRICH DOERNER Lehrstuhl Psychologie II, Universitaet Bamberg INTRODUCTION During times in which human living conditions quickly change, rigid norms cannot determine rules of conduct alone, as such systems of norms have a natural inertia and it is an arduous task adapting them to changing conditions. During such times there is usually an appeal to the indepen- dence of the members of the group, to the ability of the "adult citizen" to express an autonomous opinion and to be responsible for making an individual judgment about facts and develop- ments-about atomic power plants and roadways, thruways and economic relations. The vehicle of this autonomy, of indi- vidual responsibility and maturity, is human reason: the ability to make a judgment about things after reflection and critical anal- ysis. The ability or inability of human thinking to meet the require- ments of very complex systems is the main theme of this lecture. SIMULATION & GAMES, Vol. II No. 1, March 1980 87-106 © 1980 Sage Publications, Inc. 88 SIMULATION & GAMES / MARCH 1980 In a series of experiments we have attempted to learn something about the attributes of human thinking in http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Simulation & Games SAGE

On the Difficulties People have in Dealing with Complexity

Abstract

ON THE DIFFICULTIES PEOPLE HAVE IN DEALING WITH COMPLEXITY DIETRICH DOERNER Lehrstuhl Psychologie II, Universitaet Bamberg INTRODUCTION During times in which human living conditions quickly change, rigid norms cannot determine rules of conduct alone, as such systems of norms have a natural inertia and it is an arduous task adapting them to changing conditions. During such times there is usually an appeal to the indepen- dence of the members of the group, to the ability of the "adult citizen" to express an autonomous opinion and to be responsible for making an individual judgment about facts and develop- ments-about atomic power plants and roadways, thruways and economic relations. The vehicle of this autonomy, of indi- vidual responsibility and maturity, is human reason: the ability to make a judgment about things after reflection and critical anal- ysis. The ability or inability of human thinking to meet the require- ments of very complex systems is the main theme of this lecture. SIMULATION & GAMES, Vol. II No. 1, March 1980 87-106 © 1980 Sage Publications, Inc. 88 SIMULATION & GAMES / MARCH 1980 In a series of experiments we have attempted to learn something about the attributes of human thinking in
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