BackgroundAlthough metal stents are increasingly being used for endoscopic transmural drainage of pancreatic fluid collection (PFC), the advantages of metal stents in comparison with plastic stents are not clear.ObjectiveThe aim of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes and adverse events between patients receiving endoscopic transmural drainage of PFCs through metal or plastic stents.MethodsWe performed a systematic literature search to identify all published manuscripts comparing metal and plastic stents for PFC drainage. The primary outcome was clinical success, and the secondary outcomes were technical success, procedure time, overall cost, adverse events, and recurrence.ResultsSeven studies were considered to be appropriate for this meta-analysis. Metal stents showed a higher clinical success rate (odds ratio (OR) 3.39, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.05–5.60) and a lower overall adverse event rate (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.21–0.66) than plastic stents. In subgroup analyses, metal stents showed higher clinical success rates than plastic stents both for pseudocyst (OR 5.35, 95% CI 1.35–21.19) and walled-off necrosis (OR 3.37, 95% CI 1.89–5.99).ConclusionsMetal stents are superior to plastic stents for endoscopic transmural drainage of PFC because they have a higher clinical success rate and lower rate of adverse events.
United European Gastroenterology Journal – SAGE
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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