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“Merciless Indian Savages”: Deconstructing Anti-Indigenous Framing

“Merciless Indian Savages”: Deconstructing Anti-Indigenous Framing In this article, we identify and develop the specific anti-Indigenous subframe of the long dominant larger white racial frame. Using sociological concepts of systemic racial oppression, we show how the anti-Indigenous subframe co-naturalizes race concepts and specific racist language, embedding a deep and lasting negative framing of Native Americans in the U.S. society. We utilize the Google Ngram Viewer for digitized document identification and retrieval, an important social science tool for finding major historical documents for analysis. Using important documents, we identify a very specific language of Indigenous oppression and examine its central role in anti-Indigenous racial framing, past and present. We demonstrate how powerful and influential political, religious, and scholarly figures and major institutions have developed this racist framing over centuries of systemic Indigenous oppression in the United States. Our analysis adds to the body of social science knowledge by explicating how Indigenous oppression on a systemic level has been perpetuated, rationalized, and legitimated by means of a broad white racial frame and its powerful anti-Indigenous subframe. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sociology of Race and Ethnicity SAGE

“Merciless Indian Savages”: Deconstructing Anti-Indigenous Framing

Sociology of Race and Ethnicity , Volume 8 (4): 16 – Oct 1, 2022

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© American Sociological Association 2022
ISSN
2332-6492
eISSN
2332-6506
DOI
10.1177/23326492221112040
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this article, we identify and develop the specific anti-Indigenous subframe of the long dominant larger white racial frame. Using sociological concepts of systemic racial oppression, we show how the anti-Indigenous subframe co-naturalizes race concepts and specific racist language, embedding a deep and lasting negative framing of Native Americans in the U.S. society. We utilize the Google Ngram Viewer for digitized document identification and retrieval, an important social science tool for finding major historical documents for analysis. Using important documents, we identify a very specific language of Indigenous oppression and examine its central role in anti-Indigenous racial framing, past and present. We demonstrate how powerful and influential political, religious, and scholarly figures and major institutions have developed this racist framing over centuries of systemic Indigenous oppression in the United States. Our analysis adds to the body of social science knowledge by explicating how Indigenous oppression on a systemic level has been perpetuated, rationalized, and legitimated by means of a broad white racial frame and its powerful anti-Indigenous subframe.

Journal

Sociology of Race and EthnicitySAGE

Published: Oct 1, 2022

Keywords: race and ethnicity; systemic racism; racism; Native Americans; Indigenous; declaration of independence; United States

References