INNOVATION IN NUCLEAR TECHNOLOG Y: KEY TO IT S FUTURE SUCCESS Rogner, Hans-Holger; K upitz, J ürg en; L anglois, Lucille; M cDonald, Alan International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA ), V6, A6 email@example.com 1. CURRENT STATUS – NUCLEAR POWER At the end of 2 000, there were 438 nuclear power plants in o peration a round th e world. They r epresented a total c apacity of 35 1 Gigawatts of el ectricity (GWe ) and, in 2 000, produced 16% of th e world’s electricity. This gl obal snap shot, however, masks both a considerable slow-down in i ncremental global nuclear power generation, and some underlying an d quite divergent r egional t rends (see Figures I an d II ). In N orth America, no new reactors are under construction or o n order. Perhaps with the exception of F inland an d possibly France, the same is true i n W estern Europe, where there is currently si gnificant excess capacity in th e electricity sector. Where new generation capacity is required, in vestors generally prefer a lternatives that are less expensive than the large, capital-intensive units now offered b y the nuclear industry. In a
Energy & Environment – SAGE
Published: Sep 1, 2002
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