Perinatal stroke is a significant cause of severe epilepsy, including epileptic spasms. Although epileptic spasms due to underlying structural lesion often respond poorly to treatment and evolve into drug-resistant epilepsy, outcomes are not uniformly poor, and predictors of outcomes are not well described. We performed a single-institution retrospective review of epileptic spasms following perinatal stroke to determine if outcome depended on vascular subtype. We identified 24 children with epileptic spasms due to perinatal ischemic stroke: 11 cases of perinatal arterial stroke and 13 cases of perinatal venous infarct. Initial response to treatment was similar between groups; however, although children with perinatal arterial stroke who responded to epileptic spasms therapy had high rates of seizure freedom, many children with perinatal venous infarct, regardless of initial response, had residual drug-resistant epilepsy. We consider whether the mechanism for epileptogenesis may be different between arterial and venous strokes, and whether these 2 groups should be monitored for epileptic spasms, and subsequent epilepsy, differently.
Journal of Child Neurology – SAGE
Published: Nov 1, 2019
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