Drug Testing in the Workplace
AbstractThe increasingly serious problem of substance abuse in the workplace is reviewed. There are new initiatives to deal with this major public health problem in the United States. The various drug-testing methodologies and procedures are outlined, and the value, accuracy, and impact of drug testing are discussed. The development of drug-testing programs sensitive to the medical, legal, and work-related issues raised by substance abuse in the workplace are reviewed. The concerns of industry regarding alcohol and drug abuse in the workplace relate to health and safety, accidents, absenteeism, and medical and insurance costs. Employers have rights and responsibilities in ensuring a safe work environment. Specific suggestions for employers concerned with the drug problem in industry are discussed.