Continuing our investigations on inhibitors of ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), the crucial enzyme that catalyses the reduction of ribonu-cleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, we have now prepared and evaluated 5′-phosphonoacetic acid, amide and ester analogues of adenosine, uridine and cytidine with the aim to verify both substrate specificity and contribution to biological activity of diphosphate mimic moieties. A molecular modelling study has been conducted on the RNR R1 subunit, in order to verify the possible interaction of the proposed bioisosteric moieties. The study compounds were finally tested on the recombinant murine RNR showing a degree of inhibition that ranged from 350 μM for the UDP analogue 5′-deoxy-5′-N-(phosphon-acetyl)uridine sodium salt (amide) to 600 μM for the CDP analogue 5′-O-[(diethyl-phosphon)acetyl]cytidine (ester). None of the tested compounds displayed noteworthy cytostatic activity at 100–500 μM concentrations, whereas ADP analogue 5′-N-[(diethyl-phosphon) acetyl]adenosine (amide) and 5′-deoxy-5′-N-(phos-phon-acetyl)adenosine sodium salt (amide) showed a moderate inhibitory activity (EC50: 48 μM) against HSV-2 and a modest inhibitory activity (EC50: 110 μM) against HIV-1, respectively.
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy – SAGE
Published: Jun 24, 2016
Keywords: synthesis,phoshonoacetic ester and amide,diphosphate isosters,RNR inhibitors,cytostatic and antiviral activity,molecular modelling