Comparative Structural Evaluation of Transit Travel Demand using Travel Survey and Smart Card Data for Metropolitan Transit Financing

Comparative Structural Evaluation of Transit Travel Demand using Travel Survey and Smart Card... Lrge metropolitan areas often comprise multiple municipalities and multiple transit-operating agencies that share infrastructure and passengers. In such cases, financing mechanisms are devised to share costs and revenues among the various jurisdictions. Using Montréal, Canada, as a case study, this paper investigates whether a large sample household travel survey (HTS) can provide sufficiently accurate and detailed information to form the basis for a metropolitan transit financing framework. The evaluation is made possible by the existence of a smart card (SC) fare collection system, deployed across the region, which provides, with some processing, an independent source of transit trip information. The structure of transit travel demand, as measured by SC and the HTS, were compared. The structural elements examined included the types of fare product used, the temporal distribution of trips during a typical weekday, and the spatial and temporal distribution of trips over the multiple networks serving the metropolitan area. The results of the comparison showed that the HTS constitutes a simplified portrayal of transit demand that over-represents symmetrical travel patterns prevalent during peak periods and under-represents other travel patterns. An important consequence of this bias is the over-representation of travel between the suburbs and downtown. Two theoretical allocation scenarios were designed to evaluate the potential effects of these differences on metropolitan-level cost- and revenue-sharing. A simple experiment showed the effects to be significant. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Transportation Research Record SAGE

Comparative Structural Evaluation of Transit Travel Demand using Travel Survey and Smart Card Data for Metropolitan Transit Financing

Loading next page...
 
/lp/sage/comparative-structural-evaluation-of-transit-travel-demand-using-o0uveHbgpY
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Copyright
© National Academy of Sciences: Transportation Research Board 2018
ISSN
0361-1981
eISSN
2169-4052
D.O.I.
10.1177/0361198118773897
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Lrge metropolitan areas often comprise multiple municipalities and multiple transit-operating agencies that share infrastructure and passengers. In such cases, financing mechanisms are devised to share costs and revenues among the various jurisdictions. Using Montréal, Canada, as a case study, this paper investigates whether a large sample household travel survey (HTS) can provide sufficiently accurate and detailed information to form the basis for a metropolitan transit financing framework. The evaluation is made possible by the existence of a smart card (SC) fare collection system, deployed across the region, which provides, with some processing, an independent source of transit trip information. The structure of transit travel demand, as measured by SC and the HTS, were compared. The structural elements examined included the types of fare product used, the temporal distribution of trips during a typical weekday, and the spatial and temporal distribution of trips over the multiple networks serving the metropolitan area. The results of the comparison showed that the HTS constitutes a simplified portrayal of transit demand that over-represents symmetrical travel patterns prevalent during peak periods and under-represents other travel patterns. An important consequence of this bias is the over-representation of travel between the suburbs and downtown. Two theoretical allocation scenarios were designed to evaluate the potential effects of these differences on metropolitan-level cost- and revenue-sharing. A simple experiment showed the effects to be significant.

Journal

Transportation Research RecordSAGE

Published: Jun 1, 2018

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off