1 2 3 Nyrön en, Ti mo ; K oivisto, H eikki ; R elander, Kauko ; 4 5 Poikola, J uha ; S opo, R aimo 1 Va po Oy, Finland; 2 The Finnish District Heating Association, Finland; 3 4 Pohjolan Voi ma Oy, Finland; 5 The Association of Finnish Peat Industry, Finland email@example.com 1. INTRODUCTION It is not su rprising that Finland h as fairly l ong tradition in biomass fuels because along with th e hydro po wer, wood and peat are the only i ndigenous energy sources of th e country. The land area of Finland is about 338.000 square kilometres whereof roughly 2/3 are forests and 1/3 are peatlands decorated by 188,000 lakes of v arious sizes. Due to it s northern lo cation Finland n eeds energy for sp ace heating. Furthermore, the Finnish i ndustry, es pecially the forest in dustry i s energy intensive. On the other hand, the forest industry is also advancing the use of biomass fuels in th eir po wer and heat production. Since the share of indigenous energy sources is altogether 29% of the primary en ergy demand, Finland i mports co al, oil, g as,
Energy & Environment – SAGE
Published: Sep 1, 2002
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