Bilateral giant macular holes: A rare manifestation of Alport syndrome

Bilateral giant macular holes: A rare manifestation of Alport syndrome Purpose:Alport syndrome is a rare condition characterized by the clinical triad of nephritic syndrome, sensorineural deafness, and ophthalmological alterations. Herein, we present a rare case of a patient diagnosed with Alport syndrome and bilateral giant macular holes.Case description:A 40-year-old woman with a previously unreported mutation in the COL4A4 gene suggestive of autosomal-recessive Alport syndrome presented at our department. The patient exhibited bilateral full-thickness macular holes measuring >1500 µm at their smallest diameters. The very large dimensions of both macular holes were indicative of a bad prognosis regarding hole closure, and a conservative approach was adopted. The patient was maintained on renal substitution therapy, and genetic counseling was offered to other family members.Conclusion:Ophthalmological findings associated to Alport syndrome commonly include anterior lenticonus and dot-and-fleck retinopathy, although giant macular holes can also be associated with this condition. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial in the management of these patients, as Alport syndrome is an inherited systemic basement membrane disease. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Ophthalmology SAGE

Bilateral giant macular holes: A rare manifestation of Alport syndrome

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Publisher
SAGE Publications
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2018
ISSN
1120-6721
eISSN
1724-6016
D.O.I.
10.1177/1120672118781232
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose:Alport syndrome is a rare condition characterized by the clinical triad of nephritic syndrome, sensorineural deafness, and ophthalmological alterations. Herein, we present a rare case of a patient diagnosed with Alport syndrome and bilateral giant macular holes.Case description:A 40-year-old woman with a previously unreported mutation in the COL4A4 gene suggestive of autosomal-recessive Alport syndrome presented at our department. The patient exhibited bilateral full-thickness macular holes measuring >1500 µm at their smallest diameters. The very large dimensions of both macular holes were indicative of a bad prognosis regarding hole closure, and a conservative approach was adopted. The patient was maintained on renal substitution therapy, and genetic counseling was offered to other family members.Conclusion:Ophthalmological findings associated to Alport syndrome commonly include anterior lenticonus and dot-and-fleck retinopathy, although giant macular holes can also be associated with this condition. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial in the management of these patients, as Alport syndrome is an inherited systemic basement membrane disease.

Journal

European Journal of OphthalmologySAGE

Published: May 1, 2018

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