Background:We investigated a thermoreversible hydrogel that is highly viscous at body temperature, while fluid-like at a low temperature, thus aiming for a slow and prolonged intravesical drug release. Our study purposed to assess antitumor efficacy of mitomycin C (MMC) mixed with hydrogel in an orthotopic rat bladder cancer model.Methods:Bladders of female Fischer F344 rats were grafted with 1.5 × 106 AY-27 urothelial carcinoma cells. On day 5, tumor presence was assessed by cystoscopy and rats were divided into six groups (five treatment, one control, n = 10/group). Intravesical treatments (0.5 mg or 1 mg MMC-H2O or MMC-hydrogel, or 2 mg MMC-hydrogel) were administered on days 5, 8 and 11. Rats were sacrificed at day 14 and bladders were evaluated.Results:Rats with tumor at cystoscopy (47/60) were evaluated for efficacy. At necropsy, all control animals (8/8) had tumors. No microscopic tumors were present in the 0.5 mg and 1 mg MMC-hydrogel groups compared with 2/8 and 1/8 rats in the 0.5 mg and 1 mg MMC-H2O groups (p = 0.47 and p = 1.00, respectively).Greater toxicity was seen in animals treated with MMC-hydrogel compared with MMC-H2O, as demonstrated by lower body weights at necropsy (p = 0.000) and a tendency for more severe clinical signs in the 1 and 2 mg MMC-hydrogel groups. Rats that died prematurely received 1 mg (4/10) or 2 mg (9/10) of MMC-hydrogel.Conclusions:Under the current model conditions it is unclear whether instillation of MMC-hydrogel is more effective than MMC-H2O. Nonetheless, the observed difference in toxicity, acting as a surrogate marker for systemic MMC exposure in the MMC-hydrogel-treated rats, supports the prolonged drug release mechanism of the hydrogel.
Therapeutic Advances in Urology – SAGE
Published: Jul 1, 2018
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