Various water-soluble polysulphonated and polycarboxylated porphyrins and some of their metallated derivatives have been prepared and their antiviral properties against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1, HIV-2), simian immunodeficiency virus and other viruses are reported. Besides these polyanionic compounds, two new series of porphyrins were included and studied from the perspective of bio-availability modulation: (i) acefylsulphonamido derivatives endowed with weak acidity properties (deprotonation gives the corresponding anionic derivatives in a pH range 4.5-8.5) and (ii) compounds with the anionic charge transiently masked by esterification (acetoxymethyl- and pivaloyloxymethylesters). Among the more active compounds in inhibiting HIV-induced cytopathic effects, the sulphonated and carboxylated porphyrin complexes were found to interact directly with the HIV protein gp 120 and not with the CD4 cellular receptor.
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy – SAGE
Published: Jun 23, 2016
Keywords: Anionic metalloporphyrin,prodrug,antiviral,anti-HIV,gp 120 interaction