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Amino Acid Ester Prodrugs of Acyclovir:

Amino Acid Ester Prodrugs of Acyclovir: Eighteen amino acid esters of the antiherpetic drug, acyclovir, were synthesized as potential prodrugs for oral administration. The esters were examined for in vitro antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus Type 1 (HSV-1). They were found to have less potency than the parent compound. Their efficiencies as prodrugs were evaluated in rats by measuring the urinary recovery of acyclovir. Ten prodrugs produced greater amounts of the parent drug in the urine. The L-amino acid esters were better prodrugs than the corresponding D- or D, L-isomers, suggesting the involvement of a stereoselective transporter. The L-valyl ester, 256U87, was the best prodrug. Sixty three per cent of its administered dose was excreted as acyclovir in the urine, a considerable improvement over acyclovir itself, for which this value was 19%. Since 256U87 was stable in aqueous solutions, its conversion to acyclovir in vivo was probably enzyme catalyzed. This L-valyl ester prodrug of acyclovir is now undergoing clinical evaluation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy SAGE

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 by SAGE Publications Ltd unless otherwise noted. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses
ISSN
2040-2066
eISSN
2040-2066
DOI
10.1177/095632029200300305
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Eighteen amino acid esters of the antiherpetic drug, acyclovir, were synthesized as potential prodrugs for oral administration. The esters were examined for in vitro antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus Type 1 (HSV-1). They were found to have less potency than the parent compound. Their efficiencies as prodrugs were evaluated in rats by measuring the urinary recovery of acyclovir. Ten prodrugs produced greater amounts of the parent drug in the urine. The L-amino acid esters were better prodrugs than the corresponding D- or D, L-isomers, suggesting the involvement of a stereoselective transporter. The L-valyl ester, 256U87, was the best prodrug. Sixty three per cent of its administered dose was excreted as acyclovir in the urine, a considerable improvement over acyclovir itself, for which this value was 19%. Since 256U87 was stable in aqueous solutions, its conversion to acyclovir in vivo was probably enzyme catalyzed. This L-valyl ester prodrug of acyclovir is now undergoing clinical evaluation.

Journal

Antiviral Chemistry and ChemotherapySAGE

Published: Jun 23, 2016

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