Negative Poisson's ratio (NPR) in auxetic materials is of great interest due to the typically enhanced toughness, shear resistance, and sound and vibration absorption, which enables plenty of novel applications such as aerospace and defense. Insight into the mechanism underlying NPR is significant to the design of auxetic nanomaterials and nanostructures. However, the analysis of NPR in previous studies mainly remains on the level of the evolution of geometry parameters, such as bond length and bond angle, while a thorough and fundamental understanding is lacking. In this paper, we report anisotropic differential NPR in graphene for uniaxial strains applied along both zigzag and armchair directions based on first-principles calculations. The mechanism underlying the emergence of NPR in graphene (evolution of bond length and bond angle) is found to be different from the conclusions from previous classical molecular dynamics simulations with empirical potential. We propose that the decentralized electron localization function (ELF) driven by strain leads to ELF coupling between different types of bonds, which results in the counter-intuitive anomalous increase of the bond angle and thus the emergence of NPR in graphene. Moreover, the NPR phenomenon can be anticipated to emerge in other nanomaterials or nanostructures with a similar honeycomb structure as that of graphene, where the ELF coupling would also be possible.
Nanoscale – Royal Society of Chemistry
Published: May 29, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera