We characterized the morphological features of an organic resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) aerogel and correlated each feature to the thermal insulation properties. Several RF aerogels were synthesized with different morphological features and structural assemblies. This was done by changing the catalyst percentages and the dilution ratios at the polymerization stage. Then, each morphological feature was assessed and categorized using two scales: the macro scale and the micro scale. We found that the macro-features were independent of the catalyst percentages and depended only on the dilution ratios. By contrast, the micro-features were highly sensitive to any changes during the polymerization process. These changes altered the samples three main micro-structural factors: (i) the structural assembly, (ii) the porous structure, and (iii) the fractal parameters. Thus, we characterized and quantified each component within these areas. Then, we assessed the structure's heat transfer modes and classified them as follows: (i) solid conductivity through the solid particles, (ii) gas conductivity through the gas molecules, and (iii) thermal radiation. We identified the morphological features in our RF samples and correlated them to each mode of the heat transfer. For example, the samples solid conductivity was highly dependent on the fractal parameters of our structure; that is, the particles roughness, the structural complexity, and the structural homogeneity. For those samples with extremely rough particles and a complex structure, the solid conductivity reached the lowest possible point. We also found that the total thermal conductivity was mainly controlled by the micro-morphological features, and that the solid conductivity was the most dominant heat transfer mode.
Nanoscale – Royal Society of Chemistry
Published: May 29, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera