In this work, we report a simple but novel method to transfer highly luminescent silicon nanoparticles (Si NPs) from solutions to solids without sacrificing their excellent photoluminescence (PL) properties. Hybrid Si NP/clay phosphors that glowed ultrabright and had colorful PL properties were first obtained. More importantly, large-area and flexible films with superior PL properties can be easily obtained via combining the Si NP/clay hybrids with different kinds of polymer. The Si NP-based phosphors and films from our method show high stabilities with no significant loss of PL performance after long-term storage (several months). In addition, bright yellow-emitting Si NPs were prepared and used as down-converters for white-light-emitting diodes (W-LEDs). Overall, this work presents a simple, versatile and green method to fabricate Si NP-based solid hybrids with superior PL properties, which has promise to be applied in the future in solid-state lighting fields.
Nanoscale – Royal Society of Chemistry
Published: May 23, 2018