Human T-lymphotropic virus type II (HTLV-II) is an important type-C retrovirus, closely related to a variety of human diseases. Here, we demonstrate for the first time the controllable fabrication of bio-bar codes for dendritically amplified sensing of low-abundant HTLV-II DNA by the integration of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-catalyzed template-free polymerization extension with bio-bar-code amplification (BCA). HTLV-II DNA hybridizes with magnetic microparticle (MMP)-modified capture probe 1, forming a stable DNA duplex with a protruding 3-hydroxylated sequence which may function as a primer to initiate the TdT-catalyzed first-step polymerization extension for the generation of a poly-thymidine (T) sequence. The resultant poly-T products may hybridize with poly-adenine (A) capture probe 2, inducing the self-assembly of multiple capture probe 2-/reporter probe-functionalized Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) onto the MMP. Subsequently, the reporter probes may act as the primers to initiate the TdT-catalyzed second-step polymerization extension, producing large numbers of G-rich DNAzymes for the generation of an enhanced chemiluminescence signal. Taking advantage of the efficient polymerization extension reaction catalyzed by TdT, the high amplification efficiency of BCA, and the intrinsically high sensitivity of G-rich DNAzyme-driven chemiluminescence, this method exhibits ultrahigh sensitivity with a limit of detection of as low as 0.50 aM and a large dynamic range of 9 orders of magnitude from 1 aM to 1 nM. Moreover, this method can be applied for the discrimination of a single-base mismatch and the measurement of HTLV-II DNA in both human serum and human T-lymphocytic leukemia cells, holding great potential in biomedical research and clinical diagnosis.
Chemical Science – Royal Society of Chemistry
Published: May 18, 2018
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