A series of binary ZnO/ZnCr nanospinel catalysts were prepared by a hydrothermal method and applied in direct synthesis of isobutanol from syngas, during which the effect of the hydrothermal time/temperature on the catalytic performance in the isobutanol synthesis has been investigated at 400 C and 10 MPa. The catalysts were characterized by XRD, N2 adsorptiondesorption, TPR, TPD, FT-IR spectroscopy, XPS, XRF, SEM and TEM. The XRD and TEM results show that the binary ZnO/ZnCr nanospinel structure forms well by the hydrothermal method. Compared with other ZnCr catalysts, the catalyst prepared under the hydrothermal conditions of 16 h and 160 C has the largest BET area with the largest amount of active sites, leading to a high total alcohol production rate (TAPR). Meanwhile, the surface Zn/Cr molar ratio (1.27) and K content (1.64%) on the ZnCr-16-160 catalyst are higher. The enrichment phenomenon of Zn on the catalyst surface could improve the interaction between ZnO and a non-stoichiometric ZnCr spinel, forming a ZnO layer mixed with the ZnCr spinel. Since K is known as a C-chain increasing promoter, the high K content is helpful in improving the total alcohol and isobutanol selectivity. Thus, the appropriate hydrothermal time and temperature for the binary ZnO/ZnCr catalyst preparation are 16 h and 160 C, respectively, and the best catalytic performance is obtained on the ZnCr-16-160 catalyst with a total alcohol selectivity of 60.2% and an isobutanol distribution of 27.0 wt%.
Catalysis Science & Technology – Royal Society of Chemistry
Published: May 24, 2018
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