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8 Neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on complex liquids

8 Neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on complex liquids Neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on complex liquids G. W. Neilson,*a A. K. Adya b and S. Ansell c H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, UK BS8 1TL b Division of Molecular & Life Sciences, School of Science & Engineering, University of Abertay-Dundee, Bell Street, Dundee, UK DD1 1HG c ISIS Division, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, UK OX11 0QX Introduction This review contains results of neutron and X-ray scattering experiments on complex liquids, and includes structural information on molecular liquids, molten salts, aqueous and non-aqueous solutions, and glassy and amorphous materials. Most of the work referred to has been published during the past five years and the results derived from neutron diffraction studies follow on from those reported in a previous review in this series.1 For completeness some X-ray results published prior to this period are also included. It is recalled that X-ray and neutron scattering methods provide the best experimental means currently available to probe the atomic structure of complex liquids.2 It can be proved that a formal mathematical (Fourier transformation) link can be formed between the neutron or X-ray scattering pattern obtained experimentally and the distribution functions gαβ(r) of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Reports Section "C" (Physical Chemistry) Royal Society of Chemistry

8 Neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on complex liquids

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Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
Copyright
This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN
0260-1826
eISSN
1460-4787
DOI
10.1039/b111168j
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on complex liquids G. W. Neilson,*a A. K. Adya b and S. Ansell c H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, UK BS8 1TL b Division of Molecular & Life Sciences, School of Science & Engineering, University of Abertay-Dundee, Bell Street, Dundee, UK DD1 1HG c ISIS Division, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, UK OX11 0QX Introduction This review contains results of neutron and X-ray scattering experiments on complex liquids, and includes structural information on molecular liquids, molten salts, aqueous and non-aqueous solutions, and glassy and amorphous materials. Most of the work referred to has been published during the past five years and the results derived from neutron diffraction studies follow on from those reported in a previous review in this series.1 For completeness some X-ray results published prior to this period are also included. It is recalled that X-ray and neutron scattering methods provide the best experimental means currently available to probe the atomic structure of complex liquids.2 It can be proved that a formal mathematical (Fourier transformation) link can be formed between the neutron or X-ray scattering pattern obtained experimentally and the distribution functions gαβ(r) of

Journal

Annual Reports Section "C" (Physical Chemistry)Royal Society of Chemistry

Published: Jul 3, 2002

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