Studies on the mechanisms of autophagy: formation of the autophagic vacuole.

Studies on the mechanisms of autophagy: formation of the autophagic vacuole. Autophagic vacuoles form within 15 min of perfusing a liver with amino acid-depleted medium. These vacuoles are bound by a "smooth" double membrane and do not contain acid phosphatase activity. In an attempt to identify the membrane source of these vacuoles, I have used morphological techniques combined with immunological probes to localize specific membrane antigens to the limiting membranes of newly formed or nascent autophagic vacuoles. Antibodies to three integral membrane proteins of the plasma membrane (CE9, HA4, and epidermal growth factor receptor) and one of the Golgi apparatus (sialyltransferase) did not label these vacuoles. Internalized epidermal growth factor and its membrane receptor were not found in nascent autophagic vacuoles but were present in lysosome-like degradative autophagic vacuoles. All these results suggested that autophagic vacuoles were not formed from plasma membrane, Golgi apparatus, or endosome constituents. Antisera prepared against integral membrane proteins (14, 25, and 40 kD) of the RER was found to label the inner and outer limiting membranes of almost all nascent autophagic vacuoles. In addition, ribophorin II was identified at the limiting membranes of many nascent autophagic vacuoles. Finally, secretory proteins, rat serum albumin and alpha 2u-globulin, were localized to the lumen of the RER and to the intramembrane space between the inner and outer membranes of some of these vacuoles. The results were consistent with the formation of autophagic vacuoles from ribosome-free regions of the RER. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Cell Biology Rockefeller University Press

Studies on the mechanisms of autophagy: formation of the autophagic vacuole.

The Journal of Cell Biology, Volume 110 (6): 1923 – Jun 1, 1990

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Publisher
Rockefeller University Press
Copyright
© 1990 Rockefeller University Press
ISSN
0021-9525
eISSN
1540-8140
D.O.I.
10.1083/jcb.110.6.1923
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Autophagic vacuoles form within 15 min of perfusing a liver with amino acid-depleted medium. These vacuoles are bound by a "smooth" double membrane and do not contain acid phosphatase activity. In an attempt to identify the membrane source of these vacuoles, I have used morphological techniques combined with immunological probes to localize specific membrane antigens to the limiting membranes of newly formed or nascent autophagic vacuoles. Antibodies to three integral membrane proteins of the plasma membrane (CE9, HA4, and epidermal growth factor receptor) and one of the Golgi apparatus (sialyltransferase) did not label these vacuoles. Internalized epidermal growth factor and its membrane receptor were not found in nascent autophagic vacuoles but were present in lysosome-like degradative autophagic vacuoles. All these results suggested that autophagic vacuoles were not formed from plasma membrane, Golgi apparatus, or endosome constituents. Antisera prepared against integral membrane proteins (14, 25, and 40 kD) of the RER was found to label the inner and outer limiting membranes of almost all nascent autophagic vacuoles. In addition, ribophorin II was identified at the limiting membranes of many nascent autophagic vacuoles. Finally, secretory proteins, rat serum albumin and alpha 2u-globulin, were localized to the lumen of the RER and to the intramembrane space between the inner and outer membranes of some of these vacuoles. The results were consistent with the formation of autophagic vacuoles from ribosome-free regions of the RER.

Journal

The Journal of Cell BiologyRockefeller University Press

Published: Jun 1, 1990

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