Purification of a factor that promotes neurite outgrowth: isolation of laminin and associated molecules.

Purification of a factor that promotes neurite outgrowth: isolation of laminin and associated... When culture medium, conditioned by any of several cell types, is applied to a polycationic substratum, a substance is adsorbed that causes neurons cultured on that substratum to extend processes (neurites) rapidly and profusely. We have purified the factor responsible for this effect from medium conditioned by bovine corneal endothelial cells, and have shown that it is composed of the glycoprotein laminin and two associated laminin-binding molecules: a sulfated protein known as entactin, and a large heparan sulfate proteoglycan. Of these molecules, only laminin was found to be present throughout the purification in all fractions possessing neurite outgrowth-promoting activity and absent from all fractions lacking activity. Laminin, purified from other sources, has been shown previously to promote extensive outgrowth by cultured neurons. These and other data presented here support the conclusion that laminin is responsible for the neurite outgrowth-promoting activity of the conditioned medium factor. Evidence is also presented that the association of a proteoglycan with laminin promotes efficient attachment of laminin to polycationic substrata, particularly in the presence of competing molecules. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Cell Biology Rockefeller University Press

Purification of a factor that promotes neurite outgrowth: isolation of laminin and associated molecules.

The Journal of Cell Biology, Volume 101 (3): 898 – Sep 1, 1985

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Publisher
Rockefeller University Press
Copyright
© 1985 Rockefeller University Press
ISSN
0021-9525
eISSN
1540-8140
DOI
10.1083/jcb.101.3.898
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

When culture medium, conditioned by any of several cell types, is applied to a polycationic substratum, a substance is adsorbed that causes neurons cultured on that substratum to extend processes (neurites) rapidly and profusely. We have purified the factor responsible for this effect from medium conditioned by bovine corneal endothelial cells, and have shown that it is composed of the glycoprotein laminin and two associated laminin-binding molecules: a sulfated protein known as entactin, and a large heparan sulfate proteoglycan. Of these molecules, only laminin was found to be present throughout the purification in all fractions possessing neurite outgrowth-promoting activity and absent from all fractions lacking activity. Laminin, purified from other sources, has been shown previously to promote extensive outgrowth by cultured neurons. These and other data presented here support the conclusion that laminin is responsible for the neurite outgrowth-promoting activity of the conditioned medium factor. Evidence is also presented that the association of a proteoglycan with laminin promotes efficient attachment of laminin to polycationic substrata, particularly in the presence of competing molecules.

Journal

The Journal of Cell BiologyRockefeller University Press

Published: Sep 1, 1985

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