Laminin, fibronectin, and collagen in synaptic and extrasynaptic portions of muscle fiber basement membrane.

Laminin, fibronectin, and collagen in synaptic and extrasynaptic portions of muscle fiber... Light and electron microscope immunohistochemical methods were used to study the distribution of several proteins in rat skeletal muscle. The aims were to identify components of muscle fiber basement membrane and to compare the small fraction (0.1%) of the basement membrane that extends through the synaptic cleft at the neuromuscular junction with the remaining, extrasynaptic portion. Synaptic basement membrane is functionally specialized and plays important roles in neuromuscular function and regeneration. Laminin, fibronectin, collagen IV, collagen V, and a collagenous protein (high-salt-soluble protein HSP) are all present in muscle fiber basement membrane. Laminin and collagen IV are concentrated in basal lamina (the feltlike, inner layer of the basement membrane) and are shared by synaptic and extrasynaptic regions. Fibronectin, also present synaptically and extrasynaptically, is present in basal lamina and in the overlying reticular lamina. Collagen V and HSP are present throughout extrasynaptic basement membrane but are absent from synaptic sites; HSP is concentrated in the reticular lamina and on the outer surface of the basal lamina. These results, together with experiments reported previously (Sanes and Hall, 1979. J. Cell Biol: 83:357--370), provide examples of three classes of components in muscle fiber basement membrane--synaptic, extrasynaptic, and shared. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Cell Biology Rockefeller University Press

Laminin, fibronectin, and collagen in synaptic and extrasynaptic portions of muscle fiber basement membrane.

The Journal of Cell Biology, Volume 93 (2): 442 – May 1, 1982

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Publisher
Rockefeller University Press
Copyright
© 1982 Rockefeller University Press
ISSN
0021-9525
eISSN
1540-8140
DOI
10.1083/jcb.93.2.442
Publisher site
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Abstract

Light and electron microscope immunohistochemical methods were used to study the distribution of several proteins in rat skeletal muscle. The aims were to identify components of muscle fiber basement membrane and to compare the small fraction (0.1%) of the basement membrane that extends through the synaptic cleft at the neuromuscular junction with the remaining, extrasynaptic portion. Synaptic basement membrane is functionally specialized and plays important roles in neuromuscular function and regeneration. Laminin, fibronectin, collagen IV, collagen V, and a collagenous protein (high-salt-soluble protein HSP) are all present in muscle fiber basement membrane. Laminin and collagen IV are concentrated in basal lamina (the feltlike, inner layer of the basement membrane) and are shared by synaptic and extrasynaptic regions. Fibronectin, also present synaptically and extrasynaptically, is present in basal lamina and in the overlying reticular lamina. Collagen V and HSP are present throughout extrasynaptic basement membrane but are absent from synaptic sites; HSP is concentrated in the reticular lamina and on the outer surface of the basal lamina. These results, together with experiments reported previously (Sanes and Hall, 1979. J. Cell Biol: 83:357--370), provide examples of three classes of components in muscle fiber basement membrane--synaptic, extrasynaptic, and shared.

Journal

The Journal of Cell BiologyRockefeller University Press

Published: May 1, 1982

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