Cone photoreceptors were isolated enzymatically and their ionic currents studied by the whole-cell, gigaseal voltage-clamp technique. Five nonsynaptic currents were identified. A prominent, poorly selective cation current, Ih, activated after a delay during hyperpolarizations and then deactivated with a delay on return to potentials greater than -50 mV. An empirical model for Ih gating kinetics is developed with three open and two closed states. Depolarization elicits a small, voltage-gated calcium current (ICa). Block by nitrendipine, nickel, cadmium, and cobalt, increase of current with barium, lack of rapid inactivation, and relatively high threshold suggest an L-type Ca channel. No evidence was found for low-threshold Ca channels. An anion current ICl(Ca) was present after pulses that led to a significant inward ICa (but not IBa) and was not elicited when cobalt was present. Tails of ICl(Ca) were short (100 ms) after short depolarizations and were longer after longer depolarizations. Two TEA-sensitive K currents were also elicited by depolarizations. One, IK(Ca), was calcium sensitive. We looked for modulation of Ih, ICa, and ICl(Ca) by a number of neurotransmitters. No changes of Ih were seen, but ICa and ICl(Ca) were depressed in a few cones when GABA or adenosine were applied. We discuss how this modulation might contribute to the feedback effects of horizontal cells on cones when surrounding cones are illuminated.
The Journal of General Physiology – Rockefeller University Press
Published: Oct 1, 1989
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera