Amyloid P-component is a constituent of normal human glomerular basement membrane.

Amyloid P-component is a constituent of normal human glomerular basement membrane. Glomerular and other vascular basement membranes were found to contain an antigen that was immunochemically indistinguishable from serum amyloid P-component. There was no immunological cross-reactivity between antisera to serum amyloid P-component and to collagen types I, III, IV, or V. The amyloid P-component antigen was confined to the endothelial aspect, the lamina rara interna, of glomerular basement membrane. It could not be eluted by high-ionic-strength saline, EDTA, dithiothreitol, or either polar or nonpolar detergents, but was released into solution when isolated glomerular basement membrane was digested by highly purified bacterial collagenase. Most of these P-component molecules and their constituent polypeptide chains were of higher molecular weight and lower isoelectric point than serum amyloid P-component. These findings indicate that, as well as being a normal plasma protein and a universal constituent of amyloid deposits, P-component is also a normal matrix glycoprotein of basement membrane in which it is covalently linked to collagen and/or other matrix proteins. This may be relevant both to the pathogenesis of amyloidosis and to other aspects of physiology and pathology of basement membranes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Experimental Medicine Rockefeller University Press

Amyloid P-component is a constituent of normal human glomerular basement membrane.

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Publisher
Rockefeller University Press
Copyright
© 1980 Rockefeller University Press
ISSN
0022-1007
eISSN
1540-9538
DOI
10.1084/jem.152.5.1162
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Glomerular and other vascular basement membranes were found to contain an antigen that was immunochemically indistinguishable from serum amyloid P-component. There was no immunological cross-reactivity between antisera to serum amyloid P-component and to collagen types I, III, IV, or V. The amyloid P-component antigen was confined to the endothelial aspect, the lamina rara interna, of glomerular basement membrane. It could not be eluted by high-ionic-strength saline, EDTA, dithiothreitol, or either polar or nonpolar detergents, but was released into solution when isolated glomerular basement membrane was digested by highly purified bacterial collagenase. Most of these P-component molecules and their constituent polypeptide chains were of higher molecular weight and lower isoelectric point than serum amyloid P-component. These findings indicate that, as well as being a normal plasma protein and a universal constituent of amyloid deposits, P-component is also a normal matrix glycoprotein of basement membrane in which it is covalently linked to collagen and/or other matrix proteins. This may be relevant both to the pathogenesis of amyloidosis and to other aspects of physiology and pathology of basement membranes.

Journal

The Journal of Experimental MedicineRockefeller University Press

Published: Nov 1, 1980

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