Phosphorylated Lamin A/C in the Nuclear Interior Binds Active Enhancers Associated with Abnormal Transcription in Progeria.

Phosphorylated Lamin A/C in the Nuclear Interior Binds Active Enhancers Associated with Abnormal... LMNA encodes nuclear Lamin A/C that tethers lamina-associated domains (LADs) to the nuclear periphery. Mutations in LMNA cause degenerative disorders including the premature aging disorder Hutchinson-Gilford progeria, but the mechanisms are unknown. We report that Ser22-phosphorylated (pS22) Lamin A/C was localized to the nuclear interior in human fibroblasts throughout the cell cycle. pS22-Lamin A/C interacted with a subset of putative active enhancers, not LADs, at locations co-bound by the transcriptional activator c-Jun. In progeria-patient fibroblasts, a subset of pS22-Lamin A/C-binding sites were lost, whereas new pS22-Lamin A/C-binding sites emerged in normally quiescent loci. New pS22-Lamin A/C binding was accompanied by increased histone acetylation, increased c-Jun binding, and upregulation of nearby genes implicated in progeria pathophysiology. These results suggest that Lamin A/C regulates gene expression by enhancer binding. Disruption of the gene regulatory rather than LAD tethering function of Lamin A/C may underlie the pathogenesis of disorders caused by LMNA mutations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Developmental cell Pubmed

Phosphorylated Lamin A/C in the Nuclear Interior Binds Active Enhancers Associated with Abnormal Transcription in Progeria.

Developmental cell, Volume 52 (6): 1401 – May 7, 2020
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Phosphorylated Lamin A/C in the Nuclear Interior Binds Active Enhancers Associated with Abnormal Transcription in Progeria.

Developmental cell, Volume 52 (6): 1401 – May 7, 2020

Abstract

LMNA encodes nuclear Lamin A/C that tethers lamina-associated domains (LADs) to the nuclear periphery. Mutations in LMNA cause degenerative disorders including the premature aging disorder Hutchinson-Gilford progeria, but the mechanisms are unknown. We report that Ser22-phosphorylated (pS22) Lamin A/C was localized to the nuclear interior in human fibroblasts throughout the cell cycle. pS22-Lamin A/C interacted with a subset of putative active enhancers, not LADs, at locations co-bound by the transcriptional activator c-Jun. In progeria-patient fibroblasts, a subset of pS22-Lamin A/C-binding sites were lost, whereas new pS22-Lamin A/C-binding sites emerged in normally quiescent loci. New pS22-Lamin A/C binding was accompanied by increased histone acetylation, increased c-Jun binding, and upregulation of nearby genes implicated in progeria pathophysiology. These results suggest that Lamin A/C regulates gene expression by enhancer binding. Disruption of the gene regulatory rather than LAD tethering function of Lamin A/C may underlie the pathogenesis of disorders caused by LMNA mutations.
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/lp/pubmed/phosphorylated-lamin-a-c-in-the-nuclear-interior-binds-active-IVMoSzArlA
DOI
10.1016/j.devcel.2020.02.011
pmid
32208162

Abstract

LMNA encodes nuclear Lamin A/C that tethers lamina-associated domains (LADs) to the nuclear periphery. Mutations in LMNA cause degenerative disorders including the premature aging disorder Hutchinson-Gilford progeria, but the mechanisms are unknown. We report that Ser22-phosphorylated (pS22) Lamin A/C was localized to the nuclear interior in human fibroblasts throughout the cell cycle. pS22-Lamin A/C interacted with a subset of putative active enhancers, not LADs, at locations co-bound by the transcriptional activator c-Jun. In progeria-patient fibroblasts, a subset of pS22-Lamin A/C-binding sites were lost, whereas new pS22-Lamin A/C-binding sites emerged in normally quiescent loci. New pS22-Lamin A/C binding was accompanied by increased histone acetylation, increased c-Jun binding, and upregulation of nearby genes implicated in progeria pathophysiology. These results suggest that Lamin A/C regulates gene expression by enhancer binding. Disruption of the gene regulatory rather than LAD tethering function of Lamin A/C may underlie the pathogenesis of disorders caused by LMNA mutations.

Journal

Developmental cellPubmed

Published: May 7, 2020

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