Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Monte Carlo simulations of antibody adsorption and orientation on charged surfaces.

Monte Carlo simulations of antibody adsorption and orientation on charged surfaces. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to study the adsorption and orientation of antibodies on charged surfaces based on both colloidal and all-atom models. The colloidal model antibody consists of 12 connected beads representing the 12 domains of an antibody molecule. The structure of the all-atom antibody model was taken from the protein databank. The effects of the surface charge sign and density, the solution pH and ionic strength on the adsorption and orientation of different colloidal model antibodies with different dipole moments were examined. Simulation results show that both the 12-bead and the all-atom models of the antibody, for which the dipole moment points from the Fc to (Fab)2 fragments, tend to have the desired "end-on" orientation on positively charged surfaces and undesired "head-on" orientation on negatively charged surfaces at high surface charge density and low solution ionic strength where electrostatic interactions dominate. At low surface charge density and high solution ionic strength where van der Waals interactions dominate, 12-bead model antibodies tend to have "lying-flat" orientation on surfaces. The orientation of adsorbed antibodies results from the compromise between electrostatic and van der Waals interactions. The dipole moment of an antibody is an important factor for antibody orientation on charged surfaces when electrostatic interactions dominate. This charge-driven protein orientation hypothesis was verified by our simulations results in this work. It was further confirmed by surface plasmon resonance biosensor and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry experiments reported elsewhere. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of chemical physics Pubmed

Monte Carlo simulations of antibody adsorption and orientation on charged surfaces.

The Journal of chemical physics , Volume 121 (2): -1042 – Nov 20, 2006

Monte Carlo simulations of antibody adsorption and orientation on charged surfaces.


Abstract

Monte Carlo simulations were performed to study the adsorption and orientation of antibodies on charged surfaces based on both colloidal and all-atom models. The colloidal model antibody consists of 12 connected beads representing the 12 domains of an antibody molecule. The structure of the all-atom antibody model was taken from the protein databank. The effects of the surface charge sign and density, the solution pH and ionic strength on the adsorption and orientation of different colloidal model antibodies with different dipole moments were examined. Simulation results show that both the 12-bead and the all-atom models of the antibody, for which the dipole moment points from the Fc to (Fab)2 fragments, tend to have the desired "end-on" orientation on positively charged surfaces and undesired "head-on" orientation on negatively charged surfaces at high surface charge density and low solution ionic strength where electrostatic interactions dominate. At low surface charge density and high solution ionic strength where van der Waals interactions dominate, 12-bead model antibodies tend to have "lying-flat" orientation on surfaces. The orientation of adsorbed antibodies results from the compromise between electrostatic and van der Waals interactions. The dipole moment of an antibody is an important factor for antibody orientation on charged surfaces when electrostatic interactions dominate. This charge-driven protein orientation hypothesis was verified by our simulations results in this work. It was further confirmed by surface plasmon resonance biosensor and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry experiments reported elsewhere.

Loading next page...
 
/lp/pubmed/monte-carlo-simulations-of-antibody-adsorption-and-orientation-on-FpNf4HCD9m

References

References for this paper are not available at this time. We will be adding them shortly, thank you for your patience.

ISSN
0021-9606
DOI
10.1063/1.1757434
pmid
15260639

Abstract

Monte Carlo simulations were performed to study the adsorption and orientation of antibodies on charged surfaces based on both colloidal and all-atom models. The colloidal model antibody consists of 12 connected beads representing the 12 domains of an antibody molecule. The structure of the all-atom antibody model was taken from the protein databank. The effects of the surface charge sign and density, the solution pH and ionic strength on the adsorption and orientation of different colloidal model antibodies with different dipole moments were examined. Simulation results show that both the 12-bead and the all-atom models of the antibody, for which the dipole moment points from the Fc to (Fab)2 fragments, tend to have the desired "end-on" orientation on positively charged surfaces and undesired "head-on" orientation on negatively charged surfaces at high surface charge density and low solution ionic strength where electrostatic interactions dominate. At low surface charge density and high solution ionic strength where van der Waals interactions dominate, 12-bead model antibodies tend to have "lying-flat" orientation on surfaces. The orientation of adsorbed antibodies results from the compromise between electrostatic and van der Waals interactions. The dipole moment of an antibody is an important factor for antibody orientation on charged surfaces when electrostatic interactions dominate. This charge-driven protein orientation hypothesis was verified by our simulations results in this work. It was further confirmed by surface plasmon resonance biosensor and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry experiments reported elsewhere.

Journal

The Journal of chemical physicsPubmed

Published: Nov 20, 2006

There are no references for this article.