Mastocytosis onset in a patient with treated hairy cell leukemia: Just a coincidence?

Mastocytosis onset in a patient with treated hairy cell leukemia: Just a coincidence? Mastocytosis is a mast cell disease caused by functionally defective infiltrating mast cells and CD34+ mast cell precursors. The heterogeneous group of mast cell disorders is categorized into five variants in the updated 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) classification among those systemic mastocytosis with an associated neoplasm (SM-AHN). Except for myeloid neoplasia, lymphoproliferative disorders associated to SM-AHN are more scarce. Here, we report the second case ever described of associated mastocytosis and hairy-cell disease. A 38-year-old female patient without any specific medical history was diagnosed a hairy cell leukemia and BRAFV600E mutation was found in hairy cells. Since purine-analogs were avoided to prevent prolonged myelosuppression, she was treated with vemurafenib and rituximab. Despite early discontinuation due to vemurafenib-induced agranulocytosis, a partial response was observed. Strikingly, bone marrow biopsy performed one month after vemurafenib discontinuation revealed a nodular infiltration by 30% tumoral mastocytes. Along with elevated tryptase level, KITD816V mutation on mastocytes and clinical exam, the patient was diagnosed with systemic mastocytosis with an associated hematological neoplasm (SM-AHN). No BRAFV600E mutation was found on mastocytes. The physiopathology of this association is not known and might be only a coincidence or a common genetic driver mutation enhancing mast and hairy cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Blood cells, molecules & diseases Pubmed

Mastocytosis onset in a patient with treated hairy cell leukemia: Just a coincidence?

Preview Only

Mastocytosis onset in a patient with treated hairy cell leukemia: Just a coincidence?

Blood cells, molecules & diseases, Volume 81: 1 – Jan 16, 2020

Abstract

Mastocytosis is a mast cell disease caused by functionally defective infiltrating mast cells and CD34+ mast cell precursors. The heterogeneous group of mast cell disorders is categorized into five variants in the updated 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) classification among those systemic mastocytosis with an associated neoplasm (SM-AHN). Except for myeloid neoplasia, lymphoproliferative disorders associated to SM-AHN are more scarce. Here, we report the second case ever described of associated mastocytosis and hairy-cell disease. A 38-year-old female patient without any specific medical history was diagnosed a hairy cell leukemia and BRAFV600E mutation was found in hairy cells. Since purine-analogs were avoided to prevent prolonged myelosuppression, she was treated with vemurafenib and rituximab. Despite early discontinuation due to vemurafenib-induced agranulocytosis, a partial response was observed. Strikingly, bone marrow biopsy performed one month after vemurafenib discontinuation revealed a nodular infiltration by 30% tumoral mastocytes. Along with elevated tryptase level, KITD816V mutation on mastocytes and clinical exam, the patient was diagnosed with systemic mastocytosis with an associated hematological neoplasm (SM-AHN). No BRAFV600E mutation was found on mastocytes. The physiopathology of this association is not known and might be only a coincidence or a common genetic driver mutation enhancing mast and hairy cells.
Loading next page...
 
/lp/pubmed/mastocytosis-onset-in-a-patient-with-treated-hairy-cell-leukemia-just-dGiU4AagY4
DOI
10.1016/j.bcmd.2019.102392

Abstract

Mastocytosis is a mast cell disease caused by functionally defective infiltrating mast cells and CD34+ mast cell precursors. The heterogeneous group of mast cell disorders is categorized into five variants in the updated 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) classification among those systemic mastocytosis with an associated neoplasm (SM-AHN). Except for myeloid neoplasia, lymphoproliferative disorders associated to SM-AHN are more scarce. Here, we report the second case ever described of associated mastocytosis and hairy-cell disease. A 38-year-old female patient without any specific medical history was diagnosed a hairy cell leukemia and BRAFV600E mutation was found in hairy cells. Since purine-analogs were avoided to prevent prolonged myelosuppression, she was treated with vemurafenib and rituximab. Despite early discontinuation due to vemurafenib-induced agranulocytosis, a partial response was observed. Strikingly, bone marrow biopsy performed one month after vemurafenib discontinuation revealed a nodular infiltration by 30% tumoral mastocytes. Along with elevated tryptase level, KITD816V mutation on mastocytes and clinical exam, the patient was diagnosed with systemic mastocytosis with an associated hematological neoplasm (SM-AHN). No BRAFV600E mutation was found on mastocytes. The physiopathology of this association is not known and might be only a coincidence or a common genetic driver mutation enhancing mast and hairy cells.

Journal

Blood cells, molecules & diseasesPubmed

Published: Jan 16, 2020

There are no references for this article.

Sorry, we don’t have permission to share this article on DeepDyve,
but here are related articles that you can start reading right now:

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off