Infestations, Bites, and Insect Repellents.
AbstractInfestations and arthropod bite reactions in children are common reasons for presentation to pediatric health care providers. Infestations in children include head lice, scabies, and other mites. Fleas and bed bugs are common causes of bite reactions in children, and papular urticaria is a chronic, recurrent eruption resulting from delayed hypersensitivity to a variety of insect bites. Both infestations and bite reactions may result in severe pruritus with associated sleep disturbance and can be a source of significant distress for patients and families. In this review, we discuss infestations and bite reactions affecting pediatric patients, along with the approach to treatment and prevention of these conditions. [Pediatr Ann. 2020;49(3):e124-e131.].