Gene expression analysis of MMPs in women with preeclampsia using cell-free fetal RNA in maternal plasma.
AbstractNucleic acids released from the placenta into the mother's blood circulation system provide a valuable source of potential biomarkers for early detection of pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia (PE). PE affects nearly 5-10% of pregnancies worldwide and is a major contributor to the maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. It is known that altered placental expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may cause shallow cytotrophoblastic invasion and ultimately lead to preeclampsia. The present study aimed to evaluate pattern of placental/fetal expression of the MMP family (MMP-2, MMP-9, MMP-14, MMP-15 and MMP-26) in preeclamptic women and compare it to normal pregnancies, using cell free fetal RNA (cff-RNA).