GABAergic mechanisms in the suprachiasmatic nucleus that influence circadian rhythm.

GABAergic mechanisms in the suprachiasmatic nucleus that influence circadian rhythm. The mammalian central circadian clock is located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. The SCN contains multiple circadian oscillators which synchronize with each other via several neurotransmitters. Importantly, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, γ-amino butyric acid (GABA), is expressed in almost all SCN neurons. In this review, we discuss how GABA influences circadian rhythms in the SCN. Excitatory and inhibitory effects of GABA may depend on intracellular Cl- concentration, in which several factors such as day-length, time of day, development, and region in the SCN may be involved. GABA also mediates oscillatory coupling of the circadian rhythms in the SCN. Recent genetic approaches reveal that GABA refines circadian output rhythms, but not circadian oscillations in the SCN. Since several efferent projections of the SCN have been suggested, GABA might work downstream of neuronal pathways from the SCN which regulate the temporal order of physiology and behavior. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of neurochemistry Pubmed

GABAergic mechanisms in the suprachiasmatic nucleus that influence circadian rhythm.

Journal of neurochemistry: 1 – Mar 21, 2020
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GABAergic mechanisms in the suprachiasmatic nucleus that influence circadian rhythm.

Journal of neurochemistry: 1 – Mar 21, 2020

Abstract

The mammalian central circadian clock is located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. The SCN contains multiple circadian oscillators which synchronize with each other via several neurotransmitters. Importantly, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, γ-amino butyric acid (GABA), is expressed in almost all SCN neurons. In this review, we discuss how GABA influences circadian rhythms in the SCN. Excitatory and inhibitory effects of GABA may depend on intracellular Cl- concentration, in which several factors such as day-length, time of day, development, and region in the SCN may be involved. GABA also mediates oscillatory coupling of the circadian rhythms in the SCN. Recent genetic approaches reveal that GABA refines circadian output rhythms, but not circadian oscillations in the SCN. Since several efferent projections of the SCN have been suggested, GABA might work downstream of neuronal pathways from the SCN which regulate the temporal order of physiology and behavior.
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DOI
10.1111/jnc.15012
pmid
32198942

Abstract

The mammalian central circadian clock is located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. The SCN contains multiple circadian oscillators which synchronize with each other via several neurotransmitters. Importantly, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, γ-amino butyric acid (GABA), is expressed in almost all SCN neurons. In this review, we discuss how GABA influences circadian rhythms in the SCN. Excitatory and inhibitory effects of GABA may depend on intracellular Cl- concentration, in which several factors such as day-length, time of day, development, and region in the SCN may be involved. GABA also mediates oscillatory coupling of the circadian rhythms in the SCN. Recent genetic approaches reveal that GABA refines circadian output rhythms, but not circadian oscillations in the SCN. Since several efferent projections of the SCN have been suggested, GABA might work downstream of neuronal pathways from the SCN which regulate the temporal order of physiology and behavior.

Journal

Journal of neurochemistryPubmed

Published: Mar 21, 2020

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