Effect of Al species of polyaluminum chlorides on floc breakage and re-growth process: Dynamic evolution of floc properties, dissolved organic matter and dissolved Al.
AbstractInfluence of floc breakage and re-growth on the release of natural dissolved organic matter (DOM) and dissolved Al was explored. Results indicated that Al species including monomeric species (Ala), medium polymer species (Alb), and colloidal or solid species (Alc) in polyaluminum chlorides (PACls) played significant role. At lower doses ranged from 5 to 20 mg/L, floc breakage damaged Ala-NOM bonds for AlCl3, causing obvious release of DOM and dissolved Al. After re-growth, dissolved Al mainly connected with broken flocs, rather than released DOM. Thus, after re-growth, DOM release was still remarkable, but additional removal of dissolved Al was observed. At higher doses above 20 mg/L, more Ala transformed to Alb and Alc. Due to the enmeshment effect induced by Alc coagulation, fewer DOM and dissolved Al were released after breakage, and additional removal of DOM and dissolved Al were attained after re-growth. For PAClAl13 which mainly contained Alb, at optimal dose, floc breakage generated the most severe release of DOM and dissolved Al, while the result after re-growth was just reverse. This was ascribed to stronger charge neutralization ability of Alb. Furthermore, the influence of floc breakage and re-growth on DOM and dissolved Al for PAClC was similar to that for AlCl3. The reason was fully analyzed in this research. This study may give further indication regarding reaction mechanisms of floc breakage and re-growth for PACls.