Dissipative soliton resonance and its depression into burst-like emission in a holmium-doped fiber laser with large normal dispersion.
AbstractWe report on dissipative soliton resonance (DSR) and its transformation into a type of burst-like emission in a holmium-doped fiber (HDF) laser in the large normal dispersion regime. A nonlinear amplifying loop mirror incorporating ∼118 m large normal dispersion fiber acts as an artificial saturable absorber. To the best of our knowledge, the HDF laser has the largest net normal dispersion so far. As the pump power is increased from ∼1.72 W to ∼4.80 W, the produced single pulse linearly broadens from ∼6.7 ns to ∼68.0 ns, while the output pulse peak power is clamped around ∼180.5 mW due to the peak-power-clamping effect with DSR. The sharp spectral peak indicates that DSR is realized with a large normal dispersion. With further manipulation of the polarization state, DSR can evolve into a type of burst-like emission. It is further revealed that this burst-like emission could be caused by a type of peak-power-depressing effect, which results from the competition between DSR and soliton formation.