DEL-1 ameliorates high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance in mouse skeletal muscle through SIRT1/SERCA2-mediated ER stress suppression.

DEL-1 ameliorates high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance in mouse skeletal muscle through... Inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are associated with the development of insulin resistance and diabetes. Developmental endothelial locus-1 (DEL-1) enhances efferocytosis by macrophage and suppresses inflammatory response. However, effects of DEL-1 on ER stress-mediated insulin resistance in skeletal muscle remain unclear. Here, DEL-1 treatment augmented SIRT1 expression in C2C12 myocytes, thereby increasing SERCA2 expression in a dose-dependent fashion, and attenuated ER stress and insulin resistance under palmitate treatment condition. SIRT1/SERCA2 knockdown abrogated effects of DEL-1 on palmitate-induced insulin resistance as well as ER stress. Pharmacological significance of DEL-1 was confirmed by in vivo experiments. DEL-1 administration suppressed ER stress, insulin resistance, and SIRT1/SERCA2 expression in skeletal muscle of high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Additionally, siRNA transfection-mediated in vivo downregulation of SIRT1 suppressed the effects of DEL-1 on expression of SERCA2, ER stress, and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle of HFD-fed mice. DEL-1 attenuates palmitate-induced and HFD-induced skeletal muscle ER stress and insulin resistance via SIRT1/SERCA2-mediated signaling. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochemical pharmacology Pubmed

DEL-1 ameliorates high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance in mouse skeletal muscle through SIRT1/SERCA2-mediated ER stress suppression.

Biochemical pharmacology, Volume 171: 1 – Dec 17, 2019
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DEL-1 ameliorates high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance in mouse skeletal muscle through SIRT1/SERCA2-mediated ER stress suppression.

Biochemical pharmacology, Volume 171: 1 – Dec 17, 2019

Abstract

Inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are associated with the development of insulin resistance and diabetes. Developmental endothelial locus-1 (DEL-1) enhances efferocytosis by macrophage and suppresses inflammatory response. However, effects of DEL-1 on ER stress-mediated insulin resistance in skeletal muscle remain unclear. Here, DEL-1 treatment augmented SIRT1 expression in C2C12 myocytes, thereby increasing SERCA2 expression in a dose-dependent fashion, and attenuated ER stress and insulin resistance under palmitate treatment condition. SIRT1/SERCA2 knockdown abrogated effects of DEL-1 on palmitate-induced insulin resistance as well as ER stress. Pharmacological significance of DEL-1 was confirmed by in vivo experiments. DEL-1 administration suppressed ER stress, insulin resistance, and SIRT1/SERCA2 expression in skeletal muscle of high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Additionally, siRNA transfection-mediated in vivo downregulation of SIRT1 suppressed the effects of DEL-1 on expression of SERCA2, ER stress, and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle of HFD-fed mice. DEL-1 attenuates palmitate-induced and HFD-induced skeletal muscle ER stress and insulin resistance via SIRT1/SERCA2-mediated signaling.
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DOI
10.1016/j.bcp.2019.113730
pmid
31778646

Abstract

Inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are associated with the development of insulin resistance and diabetes. Developmental endothelial locus-1 (DEL-1) enhances efferocytosis by macrophage and suppresses inflammatory response. However, effects of DEL-1 on ER stress-mediated insulin resistance in skeletal muscle remain unclear. Here, DEL-1 treatment augmented SIRT1 expression in C2C12 myocytes, thereby increasing SERCA2 expression in a dose-dependent fashion, and attenuated ER stress and insulin resistance under palmitate treatment condition. SIRT1/SERCA2 knockdown abrogated effects of DEL-1 on palmitate-induced insulin resistance as well as ER stress. Pharmacological significance of DEL-1 was confirmed by in vivo experiments. DEL-1 administration suppressed ER stress, insulin resistance, and SIRT1/SERCA2 expression in skeletal muscle of high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Additionally, siRNA transfection-mediated in vivo downregulation of SIRT1 suppressed the effects of DEL-1 on expression of SERCA2, ER stress, and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle of HFD-fed mice. DEL-1 attenuates palmitate-induced and HFD-induced skeletal muscle ER stress and insulin resistance via SIRT1/SERCA2-mediated signaling.

Journal

Biochemical pharmacologyPubmed

Published: Dec 17, 2019

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