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Concentration-dependent antioxidant activity of probucol in low density lipoproteins in vitro: probucol degradation precedes lipoprotein oxidation.

Concentration-dependent antioxidant activity of probucol in low density lipoproteins in vitro:... The ability of probucol, a lipid-lowering drug with antioxidant properties, to prevent the Cu2+-induced oxidation of human plasma low density lipoproteins (LDL) was examined as a function of the concentration of probucol in LDL. In the absence of probucol, 3 microM Cu2+ induced half-maximal LDL lipid oxidation, as determined by the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Oxidation was associated with a loss of apolipoprotein B-100 and the appearance of higher molecular weight forms of the protein. In the presence of 0.6 mol% probucol (relative to phospholipid) and with 3 microM Cu2+, the time required to obtain half-maximal LDL lipid oxidation increased from 130 to 270 min and was explained by an increase in the lag time prior to LDL lipid oxidation. Once rapid oxidation of LDL had begun, the rate of TBARS formation was similar to that for LDL containing no probucol. At a probucol concentration of 4.2 mol%, the antioxidant prevented the oxidation of LDL-lipids. The delay in Cu2+-induced LDL oxidation with probucol corresponded to the time required for free radical-mediated processes to convert probucol to a spiroquinone and a diphenoquinone. These in vitro findings suggest that the potent antioxidant property of probucol is directly related to the amount of drug in the LDL particle and may have relevance to its antiatherosclerotic effects observed in vivo. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of lipid research Pubmed

Concentration-dependent antioxidant activity of probucol in low density lipoproteins in vitro: probucol degradation precedes lipoprotein oxidation.

Journal of lipid research , Volume 30 (11): -1692 – Mar 1, 1990

Concentration-dependent antioxidant activity of probucol in low density lipoproteins in vitro: probucol degradation precedes lipoprotein oxidation.


Abstract

The ability of probucol, a lipid-lowering drug with antioxidant properties, to prevent the Cu2+-induced oxidation of human plasma low density lipoproteins (LDL) was examined as a function of the concentration of probucol in LDL. In the absence of probucol, 3 microM Cu2+ induced half-maximal LDL lipid oxidation, as determined by the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Oxidation was associated with a loss of apolipoprotein B-100 and the appearance of higher molecular weight forms of the protein. In the presence of 0.6 mol% probucol (relative to phospholipid) and with 3 microM Cu2+, the time required to obtain half-maximal LDL lipid oxidation increased from 130 to 270 min and was explained by an increase in the lag time prior to LDL lipid oxidation. Once rapid oxidation of LDL had begun, the rate of TBARS formation was similar to that for LDL containing no probucol. At a probucol concentration of 4.2 mol%, the antioxidant prevented the oxidation of LDL-lipids. The delay in Cu2+-induced LDL oxidation with probucol corresponded to the time required for free radical-mediated processes to convert probucol to a spiroquinone and a diphenoquinone. These in vitro findings suggest that the potent antioxidant property of probucol is directly related to the amount of drug in the LDL particle and may have relevance to its antiatherosclerotic effects observed in vivo.

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ISSN
0022-2275
pmid
2614272

Abstract

The ability of probucol, a lipid-lowering drug with antioxidant properties, to prevent the Cu2+-induced oxidation of human plasma low density lipoproteins (LDL) was examined as a function of the concentration of probucol in LDL. In the absence of probucol, 3 microM Cu2+ induced half-maximal LDL lipid oxidation, as determined by the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Oxidation was associated with a loss of apolipoprotein B-100 and the appearance of higher molecular weight forms of the protein. In the presence of 0.6 mol% probucol (relative to phospholipid) and with 3 microM Cu2+, the time required to obtain half-maximal LDL lipid oxidation increased from 130 to 270 min and was explained by an increase in the lag time prior to LDL lipid oxidation. Once rapid oxidation of LDL had begun, the rate of TBARS formation was similar to that for LDL containing no probucol. At a probucol concentration of 4.2 mol%, the antioxidant prevented the oxidation of LDL-lipids. The delay in Cu2+-induced LDL oxidation with probucol corresponded to the time required for free radical-mediated processes to convert probucol to a spiroquinone and a diphenoquinone. These in vitro findings suggest that the potent antioxidant property of probucol is directly related to the amount of drug in the LDL particle and may have relevance to its antiatherosclerotic effects observed in vivo.

Journal

Journal of lipid researchPubmed

Published: Mar 1, 1990

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