Automated detection of multidirectional compensatory balance reactions: a step towards tracking naturally-occurring near-falls.

Automated detection of multidirectional compensatory balance reactions: a step towards tracking... Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among seniors with serious and costly consequences. Laboratory evidence supports the view that impaired ability to execute compensatory balance reactions (CBRs) or near-falls is linked to an increased risk of falling. Therefore, as an alternative to the commonly used fall risk assessment methods examining spatial-temporal parameters of gait, this study focuses on the development of machine learning-based models to detect multidirectional CBRs using wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs). Random forest models were developed based upon the data captured by five wearable IMUs to 1) detect CBRs during normal gait, and 2) identify the type of CBR (eight different classes). A perturbation treadmill (PT) was employed to systematically elicit CBRs (i.e. PT-CBRs) during walking in different directions (e.g slip-like, trip-like, and medio-lateral) and amplitudes (e.g., low-, high-amplitude). We hypothesized that these PT-CBRs could simulate naturally-occurring CBRs (N-CBRs). Proof-of-concept testing in 9 young, healthy adults demonstrated accuracies of 96.60% and 80.64% for the PT-CBR detection and type identification models, respectively. Performance of the detection model was tested against a published dataset (IMUFD) simulating N-CBRs, including the most common types observed in older adults in long-term care facilities, which achieved sensitivity of 100%, but poor specificity. Adding normal gait data from IMUFD for training improved specificity, indicating treadmill walking alone is insufficient exemplar data. Perturbation treadmill combined with overground walking data is a suitable paradigm to collect training datasets of involuntary CBR events. These findings suggest that accurate detection of naturally-occurring CBRs is feasible, and supports further investigation of implementing a wearable sensor system to track of naturally-occurring CBRs as a novel means of fall risk assessment. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Pubmed

Automated detection of multidirectional compensatory balance reactions: a step towards tracking naturally-occurring near-falls.

IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: 1 – Dec 11, 2019
Preview Only

Automated detection of multidirectional compensatory balance reactions: a step towards tracking naturally-occurring near-falls.

IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: 1 – Dec 11, 2019

Abstract

Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among seniors with serious and costly consequences. Laboratory evidence supports the view that impaired ability to execute compensatory balance reactions (CBRs) or near-falls is linked to an increased risk of falling. Therefore, as an alternative to the commonly used fall risk assessment methods examining spatial-temporal parameters of gait, this study focuses on the development of machine learning-based models to detect multidirectional CBRs using wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs). Random forest models were developed based upon the data captured by five wearable IMUs to 1) detect CBRs during normal gait, and 2) identify the type of CBR (eight different classes). A perturbation treadmill (PT) was employed to systematically elicit CBRs (i.e. PT-CBRs) during walking in different directions (e.g slip-like, trip-like, and medio-lateral) and amplitudes (e.g., low-, high-amplitude). We hypothesized that these PT-CBRs could simulate naturally-occurring CBRs (N-CBRs). Proof-of-concept testing in 9 young, healthy adults demonstrated accuracies of 96.60% and 80.64% for the PT-CBR detection and type identification models, respectively. Performance of the detection model was tested against a published dataset (IMUFD) simulating N-CBRs, including the most common types observed in older adults in long-term care facilities, which achieved sensitivity of 100%, but poor specificity. Adding normal gait data from IMUFD for training improved specificity, indicating treadmill walking alone is insufficient exemplar data. Perturbation treadmill combined with overground walking data is a suitable paradigm to collect training datasets of involuntary CBR events. These findings suggest that accurate detection of naturally-occurring CBRs is feasible, and supports further investigation of implementing a wearable sensor system to track of naturally-occurring CBRs as a novel means of fall risk assessment.
Loading next page...
 
/lp/pubmed/automated-detection-of-multidirectional-compensatory-balance-reactions-m9ZzGIi3Tz
DOI
10.1109/TNSRE.2019.2956487

Abstract

Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among seniors with serious and costly consequences. Laboratory evidence supports the view that impaired ability to execute compensatory balance reactions (CBRs) or near-falls is linked to an increased risk of falling. Therefore, as an alternative to the commonly used fall risk assessment methods examining spatial-temporal parameters of gait, this study focuses on the development of machine learning-based models to detect multidirectional CBRs using wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs). Random forest models were developed based upon the data captured by five wearable IMUs to 1) detect CBRs during normal gait, and 2) identify the type of CBR (eight different classes). A perturbation treadmill (PT) was employed to systematically elicit CBRs (i.e. PT-CBRs) during walking in different directions (e.g slip-like, trip-like, and medio-lateral) and amplitudes (e.g., low-, high-amplitude). We hypothesized that these PT-CBRs could simulate naturally-occurring CBRs (N-CBRs). Proof-of-concept testing in 9 young, healthy adults demonstrated accuracies of 96.60% and 80.64% for the PT-CBR detection and type identification models, respectively. Performance of the detection model was tested against a published dataset (IMUFD) simulating N-CBRs, including the most common types observed in older adults in long-term care facilities, which achieved sensitivity of 100%, but poor specificity. Adding normal gait data from IMUFD for training improved specificity, indicating treadmill walking alone is insufficient exemplar data. Perturbation treadmill combined with overground walking data is a suitable paradigm to collect training datasets of involuntary CBR events. These findings suggest that accurate detection of naturally-occurring CBRs is feasible, and supports further investigation of implementing a wearable sensor system to track of naturally-occurring CBRs as a novel means of fall risk assessment.

Journal

IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology SocietyPubmed

Published: Dec 11, 2019

There are no references for this article.

Sorry, we don’t have permission to share this article on DeepDyve,
but here are related articles that you can start reading right now:

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off