Implicit and Explicit Memory for New Associations in Normal and Amnesic Subjects

Implicit and Explicit Memory for New Associations in Normal and Amnesic Subjects Two experiments examined whether repetition priming effects on a word completion task are influenced by new associations between unrelated word pairs that were established during a single study trial. On the word completion task, subjects were presented with the initial three letters of the response words from the study list pairs and they completed these fragments with the first words that came to mind. The fragments were shown either with the paired words from the study list ( ) or with other words ( ). Both experiments showed a larger priming effect in the same-context condition than in the different-context condition, but only with a study task that required elaborative processing of the word pairs. This effect was observed with college students and amnesic patients, suggesting that word completion performance is mediated by implicit memory for new associations that is independent of explicit recollection. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition PsycARTICLES®

Implicit and Explicit Memory for New Associations in Normal and Amnesic Subjects

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Publisher
PsycARTICLES®
Copyright
Copyright © 1985 by American Psychological Association
ISSN
0278-7393
eISSN
1939-1285
D.O.I.
10.1037/0278-7393.11.3.501
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two experiments examined whether repetition priming effects on a word completion task are influenced by new associations between unrelated word pairs that were established during a single study trial. On the word completion task, subjects were presented with the initial three letters of the response words from the study list pairs and they completed these fragments with the first words that came to mind. The fragments were shown either with the paired words from the study list ( ) or with other words ( ). Both experiments showed a larger priming effect in the same-context condition than in the different-context condition, but only with a study task that required elaborative processing of the word pairs. This effect was observed with college students and amnesic patients, suggesting that word completion performance is mediated by implicit memory for new associations that is independent of explicit recollection.

Journal

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and CognitionPsycARTICLES®

Published: Jul 1, 1985

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